7 Chinese exports increased in the first quarter year on year.4% in March, is now commercial deficit

China's trade surplus in the first quarter 3261.8 points billion yuan, an increase of imports denominated in RMB by 11.7% Total exports grew by RMB 7.4%。March exports fell 9.8%, imports grew 5.9%。Chinese monthly trade deficit in March, for the first time since February 2017。China March trade balance (in dollars) -49.$ 8.3 billion, $ 27.5 billion is expected, before the value of 337.$ 400 million for the 337 amendments.$ 500 million。  This year, the world economic recovery trend continues, the domestic economy steady for the better, to promote China's rapid growth in foreign trade in the first quarter。According to customs statistics, a quarter of China's total import and export trade in goods 6.75 trillion yuan, an increase of 9 over last year (the same below).4%。Among them, the export 3.54 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.4%; imports 3.21 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.7%; trade surplus in 3261.800 million yuan, narrowed 21.8%。The specific circumstances of the following areas: First, the rapid growth of general trade import and export, the proportion rises。In the first quarter, China's general trade import and export 3.93 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.2% of total imports and exports accounted for 58.3% over last year to enhance the two points。Trade structure was further optimized。  Second, to maintain growth and export of top three trading partners, with some "along the way" along the national import and export growth momentum is better。A quarter of the EU, the US and ASEAN import and export increased by 8.2%, 6.And 13 3%.7%, the three together accounted for 41 of the total value of import and export.2%。Over the same period, China's import and export to Russia, Poland and Kazakhstan increased by 20.5%, 16.And 16 6%.2%, higher than the overall growth rate。  Third, import and export of private enterprises continue to enhance the proportion of。In the first quarter, China's private enterprises import and export 2.59 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.5% of total imports and exports accounted for 38.3%, over last year increased by 1.7 points。Among them, the export 1.64 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.9% of total export value of 46.4%, continue to maintain the share of exports topped position, raise the proportion of 1.9 percent of imported 9459.200 million yuan, an increase of 19.4%。  Fourth, the import growth rate higher than the national overall Midwest。In the first quarter, 12 of 21 provinces and cities in western foreign trade growth.3%, higher than the national growth rate of 11.9%; Central 6 provinces trade growth of 13.7%, higher than the national growth rate of 4.3 percentage points; trade growth rate of 10 provinces east 8.4%; trade growth of 3 Northeast.4%。Development among regions。  Fifth, mechanical and electrical products, traditional labor-intensive products remained the main export。In the first quarter, China's export of electromechanical products 2.One trillion yuan, an increase of 9.5% of the total value of China's exports accounted for 59.4%。Among them, electrical and electronic products exports grew 11.3%, machinery and equipment exports increased by 11.6%。Over the same period, total exports of traditional labor-intensive products 646.8 billion yuan, with the same period last year, total export value of 18.3%。  Sixth, iron ore imports slightly by increased imports of crude oil commodities, such as soybeans, the average import price went up and down。In the first quarter, China's imports of iron ore 2.7.1 billion tons, slight decrease 0.1%; crude 1.1.2 billion tons, an increase of 7%; 19.57 million tons of soybean, increased 0.2%; 8.24 million tons, an increase of 7.2%; 1.23 million tons of copper, increase 7.3%。Preliminary estimates, a quarter of China's overall import prices rose 1.7%。Wherein the copper rose 11.4%; iron ore down 16.8%; soybeans fell 8.5%。  Overall, a good quarter overall situation of China's import and export, but the international environment uncertain factors still more, the next period of time China's foreign trade will face some challenges smooth operation。Customs will fully implement the spirit of the party of nineteen, earnestly implement the Central Economic Work Conference deployment to Xi Jinping, the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as the guiding ideology, adhere to the general tone of the work while maintaining stability, continue to expand around the reform and opening up, promote trade and investment facilitation of, in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, push forward customs reforms take root, to promote the steady growth of foreign trade, to better serve the overall situation of national economic development social。  State Council Information Office on the first quarter of 2018, imports and exports hit Yanchun conference Record: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning, welcome to attend the State Council Information Office press conference。Today we are very pleased to be invited to the General Administration of Customs, Mr. spokesman Huangsong Ping。I asked him to introduce in 2018 a quarter of the import and export situation for everyone, and answer your questions。Below please be introduced Mr. Huangsong Ping。  Huangsong Ping: Ladies and gentlemen, Hello, everyone。Welcome to you all for attending today's press conference, was glad to meet you and to inform the first quarter of 2018, China's foreign trade imports and exports, after answering questions of concern to everyone。  This year, the world economic recovery trend continues, the domestic economy steady for the better, a quarter of China's foreign trade to promote faster growth。According to customs statistics, a quarter of China's total import and export trade in goods 6.75 trillion yuan, an increase of 9 over last year (the same below).4%。Among them, the export 3.54 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.4%; imports 3.21 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.7%; trade surplus in 3261.800 million yuan, narrowed 21.8%。The specific circumstances of the following areas: First, the rapid growth of general trade import and export, the proportion rises。In the first quarter, China's general trade import and export 3.93 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.2% of total imports and exports accounted for 58.3% over last year to enhance the two points。Trade structure was further optimized。  Second, to maintain growth and export of top three trading partners, with some "along the way" along the national import and export growth momentum is better。A quarter of the EU, the US and ASEAN import and export increased by 8.2%, 6.And 13 3%.7%, the three together accounted for 41 of the total value of import and export.2%。Over the same period, China's import and export to Russia, Poland and Kazakhstan increased by 20.5%, 16.And 16 6%.2%, higher than the overall growth rate。  Third, import and export of private enterprises continue to enhance the proportion of。In the first quarter, China's private enterprises import and export 2.59 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.5% of total imports and exports accounted for 38.3%, over last year increased by 1.7 points。Among them, the export 1.64 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.9% of total export value of 46.4%, continue to maintain the share of exports topped position, raise the proportion of 1.9 percent of imported 9459.200 million yuan, an increase of 19.4%。  Fourth, the import growth rate higher than the national overall Midwest。In the first quarter, 12 of 21 provinces and cities in western foreign trade growth.3%, higher than the national growth rate of 11.9%; Central 6 provinces trade growth of 13.7%, higher than the national growth rate of 4.3 percentage points; trade growth rate of 10 provinces east 8.4%; trade growth of 3 Northeast.4%。Development among regions。  Fifth, mechanical and electrical products, traditional labor-intensive products remained the main export。In the first quarter, China's export of electromechanical products 2.One trillion yuan, an increase of 9.5% of the total value of China's exports accounted for 59.4%。Among them, electrical and electronic products exports grew 11.3%, machinery and equipment exports increased by 11.6%。Over the same period, total exports of traditional labor-intensive products 646.8 billion yuan, with the same period last year, total export value of 18.3%。  Sixth, iron ore imports slightly by increased imports of crude oil commodities, such as soybeans, the average import price went up and down。In the first quarter, China's imports of iron ore 2.7.1 billion tons, slight decrease 0.1%; crude 1.1.2 billion tons, an increase of 7%; 19.57 million tons of soybean, increased 0.2%; refined oil 8.24 million tons, an increase of 7.2%; 1.23 million tons of copper, increase 7.3%。Preliminary estimates, a quarter of China's overall import prices rose 1.7%。Wherein the copper rose 11.4%; iron ore down 16.8%; soybeans fell 8.5%。  Overall, a good quarter overall situation of China's import and export, but the international environment uncertain factors still more, the next period of time China's foreign trade will face some challenges smooth operation。Customs will fully implement the spirit of the party of nineteen, earnestly implement the Central Economic Work Conference deployment to Xi Jinping, the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as the guiding ideology, adhere to the general tone of the work while maintaining stability, continue to expand around the reform and opening up, promote trade and investment facilitation of, in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, push forward customs reforms take root, to promote the steady growth of foreign trade, to better serve the overall situation of national economic development social。  Here, I am ready to answer your questions。  Xi Yanchun: Thank you, Mr. Huangsong Ping introduced the first quarter of the following into the Q & A session, as usual, before asking please inform news organizations about where。  CCTV reporter: there is a question please interpret what Huang Director。Just listening to your introduction, we know that foreign trade growth in the first quarter grew 9.4%, what do you think the main reason for the rapid growth of China's foreign trade is supported?How do you trade for a quarter of China's overall performance is to evaluate it?Please interpret it for us。Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: Thank you for your question。This year, China's foreign trade maintained rapid growth, there are several reasons: First, a moderate recovery of the world economy, international trade growth is。This year, international organizations, the OECD and other international organizations have raised the predictive value of 2018 global economic growth。Under the economic recovery, driven by international trade growth momentum strengthened WTO statistics show that in January this year, the world's 70 major economies, trade in goods total export value year on year growth rate of more than two digits, provided favorable for the growth of China's foreign trade import and export external conditions。  Second, the domestic economy steady for the better, balanced development of import and export trend。National Bureau of Statistics data show that from January to March, China's manufacturing purchasing managers index continued expanding domestic economy steady for the better, driven by China's imports increased demand。China's crude oil, natural gas, copper and other commodities and consumer goods imports showing a growth trend。In the first quarter, China's imports grew faster than exports, the trade surplus narrowed, balanced development of import and export trend。  The third is "along the way" initiative steadily, strong emerging market development。A quarter of China and "along the way" along the national import and export growth of 12.9% higher than the export growth rate of 3.5 points。Over the same period, China and Latin American countries export and import growth of 14%, an increase of 12 African countries export.4%, effective open up emerging markets。  At the same time, the supply-side structural reforms continue to deepen the development of endogenous motivation enhancement of foreign trade, foreign trade also maintained rapid growth in the first quarter of the important reasons。  Thank you。  China Radio International reporter: What Will China's foreign trade new changes in the first quarter of this year, if there is substantial progress in terms of quality and efficiency, what are your expectations for the first half of this year, the trend in foreign trade?Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: in the first quarter, China's foreign trade has changed the following aspects: First, import and export more balanced。Imports grew faster than exports 4.3 percentage points, the trade surplus narrowed 21.8%, the Chinese market more open to the world, sharing。  Second, actively promote the diversified trade partners。ASEAN emerging markets, Latin America and Africa were 13 export and import growth.7%, 14% and 12.4% growth in foreign trade over the same period to pull together 3.1 percentage point, the pace of diversification to further accelerate the development of China's foreign trade。  Third, the main market performance more active。Import and export of private enterprises increased by 14.5% of the total value of China's export growth in the contribution rate is the highest, reaching 56.5%。Other power all types of enterprises also import and export growth, market players involved in the development of foreign trade was more resilient。  Fourth, import and export product structure is more optimized。Part of the higher value-added machinery and electronic products and equipment manufacturing exports to maintain a good momentum of growth。For example, automobile exports increased by 10.9%, an increase of 8 medical apparatus and instruments.4%, new international competitive advantage gradually。On the import side, some important equipment and key components, high quality and rapid growth of consumer goods imports, which increased by 28 integrated circuits.7%, imports grew 47 CNC machine tools.4%, water 32 seafood growth.2%。  On the second quarter, China's foreign trade is the trend of the first half, I think that the current favorable conditions to promote the development of China's foreign trade is still a lot, but the international environment is still more uncertainty。Specifically: First, the international environmental uncertainty and challenges to world economic recovery。This year, the international political and economic situation there have been some positive changes, but the international environment remains complex and uncertain factors still exist。Deep-seated structural contradictions are still more prominent on a global scale, the major economies, fiscal and financial policy of differentiation, geopolitical, technological change and financial market turmoil, and so on, have brought challenges to world economic recovery process。  Second, rising protectionism in international trade growth brings challenges。This year, the global trade protectionism continues to heat up, the continued development of international trade pose serious challenges。  Third, the degree of global competition in the manufacturing sector rose for the development of China's foreign trade challenges。Some emerging market countries in the development of low-end manufacturing to further accelerate the pace of China's traditional competitive advantages of product formation pressure。WTO statistics show that in January this year, some Southeast Asian countries exports maintained rapid growth year on year。At the same time, some developed economies, the implementation of "rebalancing, re-industrialization" policy to promote high-end manufacturing reflux part, also increased the degree of competition in the manufacturing sector worldwide。  In general, the pressures and challenges in the second quarter of this year, the global economy and international trade trends facing increasing。But as President Xi Jinping at the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2018 keynote speech emphasized that economic globalization is an irreversible trend of the times, China will take a number of major initiatives to expand opening up。Comprehensive judgment, expected China's foreign trade will continue to grow。  Thank you。  Hong Kong Cable Television Reporter: China-US trade, before both parties introduced a number of measures, when do you think the impact will be reflected?Shun the impact of trade deficit for how, will not affect China's economic development this year it?Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: first, to inform you about the latest Sino-US trade data。According to customs statistics, in accordance dollars, in the first quarter of 1415 to US Export-Import.$ 900 million, up 13%。America is my second largest trading partner。Among them, exports to the US 999.$ 200 million, an increase of 14.8%; imports from the US 416.$ 700 million, an increase of 8.9%; trade surplus of 582.$ 500 million to expand 19.4%。  On Sino-US trade surplus, after the conference, I also stressed, should be objective, rational view of Sino-US trade imbalance arise。We never deliberately pursue trade surplus, the current trade situation of the market is formed, in the final analysis is determined by the economic structure, industrial competitiveness and the international division of labor between the two countries。Considering the statistics, entrepot trade, trade in services as well as other factors, the Sino-US trade surplus is actually not so great。We hope the US trade balance on the issue patiently listen to rational, pragmatic voice, put forward constructive measures to improve the trade imbalance, and jointly promote the long-term and stable development of bilateral economic and trade relations。  China's position is very clear。We think this trade friction is not conducive to Chinese interests, is not conducive to US interests, is not conducive to the interests of the world。Trade friction, we have always emphasized the principle of mutual respect, be resolved through communication and consultation policy, to be settled in accordance with WTO rules, it is a principle of the two countries as an important member of the WTO should be followed。  We hope that the US government abide by the commitment against trade protectionism, jointly safeguard the free, open and just international trade environment, a more rational approach to properly handle trade frictions。Just now, I have already announced the latest situation of Sino-US trade in the first quarter and March monthly performance I import and export to the United States as a whole and not。At present, the "301" list of the US public is still not implemented, follow-up impact remains to be seen。We hope the two countries can in a constructive manner, with wisdom and attitude of mutual respect to solve the contradiction, the Sino-US economic and trade relations back to the track of healthy and stable development of up。Thank you。  China news agency reporter: We have noticed this year is "along the way" initiative fifth anniversary, this year's government work report will also promote "along the way" as the most important measure for promoting international cooperation in the formation of a new pattern of full liberalization, please tell us about the current Chinese spokesman and "along the way" how the situation along the national Trade?What new initiatives have in participating in customs "along the way" building?Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: 2018 is the General Secretary Xi Jinping "along the way" the fifth anniversary of the initiative。Five years, "along the way" building transformed from concept to action, from a vision into reality, has achieved fruitful results, more and more countries and regions to benefit。Import and export of foreign trade, from 2013 to 2017, China's gross import and export countries along "along the way" 33.2 trillion yuan, an average annual growth of 4%, higher than the average annual growth rate of China's foreign trade over the same period, become a bright spot in the development of foreign trade。The first quarter of this year, China and "along the way" along the national import and export value 1.86 trillion yuan, an increase of 12.9%, higher than the overall growth rate of China's foreign trade over the same period 3.5 percentage points, accounting for 27 of the total value of import and export.5%, the proportion of lifting 0.9 percentage points, of which exports 1.03 trillion yuan, an increase of 10.8%, imports of 8292.300 million yuan, an increase of 15.7%。  Work on customs support "along the way" of doing construction, concrete can be summarized in five aspects: First, actively participate in the development of relevant research on important measures for countries "along the way"; Second is to strengthen the national customs along the "exchange of information and regulatory mutual recognition, law enforcement mutual aid "cooperation; third is to promote the national customs integration construction, perfect the customs clearance coordination mechanism Central Europe trains, initiate and promote the 'off Railcom' initiative; Fourth, to promote China and Kazakhstan, China and Kyrgyzstan Stan, China and Tajikistan produce fast track "green channel" project, shortening the clearance of agricultural products by 90%; Fifth, local customs creatively undertaken a number of distinctive, highly targeted activities to strengthen customs cooperation between each other, smooth logistics aisle。  We will continue to strengthen from the "deepening of the Linking cooperation and deepen regulatory innovation cooperation, deepen cooperation in sharing information, deepen trade and security cooperation, deepen cooperation in capacity building" and other areas "along the way" along the national customs cooperation, and build together to promote the region along the smooth flow of trade, customs contribute forces to promote the full liberalization of the formation of a new pattern。Thank you。  China International Television Reporter: This year is the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening up, the development process of China's trade in goods How would you evaluate the 40 years since?In addition, you have a vision of what kind of opening up and development of China's foreign trade?  Huangsong Ping: This year is the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening up。40 years, China has undergone enormous changes, and today China has become the world's second largest economy, contribution to world economic growth of more than 30%, is the main source of power and stability of world economic growth。  Our 40 years of reform and opening up, promote the rapid development of foreign trade, import and export not only an important part of China's economic construction open trade in goods, but also a powerful engine of economic growth and overall national strength is an important support。  In mid-1978 to mid-2017, total import and export in China from 206.$ 400 million increase to 4.$ 1 trillion, an average annual increase of 14.5% of the total global export proportion from 0.77% raised to about 10%, ranking in world merchandise trade jumped from No. 30 to No. 1。Since mid-2009 onwards, China has for nine consecutive years to maintain the world's largest exporter of goods trade and the second largest importer status, it is a veritable manufacturing power, trading power。Push up China's reform and opening to become a "world factory", "Made in China" to consumers around the world brought a lot of benefits, "China market" to create a huge space for the development of the global economy, "China miracle" provide a strong impetus to world economic growth。  For over 40 years, China's trading partners become more diverse, more active market players, power conversion and restructuring is also accelerating the pace towards more trade power from a big firm。In the just-concluded Boao Forum for Asia, President Xi Jinping on how China will promote the further expansion of open, deepen the reform underway again made the most authoritative exposition, announced a new series of reform and opening up an important measure。In terms of the initiative to expand imports, this year we will be a considerable margin to reduce tariffs on auto imports, while reducing some of the other products import tariffs, efforts to increase the people's demands are concentrated characteristics and advantages of imported products。  CPC Central Committee and State Council to promote a high level of focus on opening up the initiative to open the market, supported by practical action of economic globalization and trade liberalization, not only reflects the determination of opening up a new era of confidence and courage, but also reflects China's self-confidence and play。We will promote the formation of a new pattern for the full liberalization of the goal, the implementation of a high level of trade liberalization, facilitation policy。I believe the future openness of China's foreign trade will continue to increase, trade coordinated and sustainable development with a bright future。Thank you。  Reuters reporters: RMB appreciation against the US dollar over the year, what kind of impact a number of export enterprises?Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: a quarter of the RMB against the US dollar has appreciated more than 3.7%, is the largest quarterly increase since 2008。For the RMB exchange rate issue, we have always believed that it is influential foreign trade, but the impact is limited。First, exchange rate changes on import and export is a "double-edged sword"。RMB appreciation when, in theory, will affect the price competitiveness of exports, but will help enterprises reduce import costs。Second, in the context of global value chains, due to the widespread downstream on inter-regional division of labor and intra-industry trade, a currency change an economy and its impact on exports and imports will be quickly transmitted to other chains in the economy, and then dispersed impact on the single economic body。Next there are still many uncertainties in the world economic recovery context, to maintain the basic stability of the RMB exchange rate at a reasonable and balanced level, help enterprises to stabilize the exchange rate is expected to promote the stable development of foreign trade。To this end, China's relevant departments are expanding cross-border trade and investment of RMB clearing work, to help enterprises enhance the ability to respond to exchange rate risk。Thank you。  CCTV Financial Channel correspondent: You just mentioned also in the expansion of imports, including some next will reduce automobile import tariffs, including tariffs on consumer goods, etc.,。So, the Customs Department in the next what kind of appropriate regulatory measures to promote imports?Thank you。  Huangsong Ping: General Administration of Customs conscientiously implement the central "put tube dress" decision to deploy reform, decentralization and vigorously promote the reform of administrative examination and approval system, reduce institutional transaction costs, and effectively enhance the enterprises to obtain a sense of satisfaction, we achieved positive results。I Department canceled the "long-term resident agencies and non-resident visitors with public and private goods into the country approved" and "allowed entry to settle travelers household articles for approval," the two administrative approval items。With the Customs reform process, to further optimize processes, simplify procedures, reduce institutional transaction costs, and promote the Customs administrative licensing standardization and standardized construction, improve "a window of acceptance", "one China Netcom Office" service, continue to maintain the administrative licensing " zero time out " 'poor zero', and constantly improve the administrative examination and approval online check-platform functionality。  Meanwhile, to implement the party Nineteenth Report's "promote scientific and democratic legislation, legislative law, to good laws to promote development, protect good governance," according to State Department "put tube dress," the reform requirements of the 25 regulations centralized revision and repeal of simplifying the internal ratification level part of the project to improve efficiency, promote the Customs' release tube dress, "Customs reform and continuously push forward the reform itself to the depth, the Customs laws and regulations to ensure that the reform process and construction phase synchronization, and reform practice of convergence。Benchmarking international rules, based on the integration and optimization of the existing "three pre" system on a sound and comprehensive full uniform application of the customs territory of the Customs for an advance ruling system, the development of "pre-ruling People's Republic of China Customs Interim Measures" to further improve the import and export predictability of trading activities to help enterprises accurately grasp the elements of the declaration, to ensure accurate and effective supervision of the customs。  At the same time, we will continue to implement further promote the construction of "three mutual customs clearance", and "single window" to provide conditions for enterprise to facilitate customs clearance, reduce customs clearance costs。Thank you。  Xi Yanchun: Today's conference is now over, thanks to Mr. Huangsong Ping again, thank you。